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FRANCIS FUKUYAMA
Author of
The End of History and the Lost Mon
AMERICAN
CROSSROADS
DEMOCRACY. POWER,
AND
NEOCONSERVATIVE
LEGACY
$25.00
F
rancis Fukuyama's criticism of the
Iraq war put him at odds with neo-
conservative friends both within and
outside the Bush administration. Here
he explains how, in its decision to invade Iraq,
the Bush administration failed in its steward­
ship of American foreign policy. First, the ad­
ministration wrongly made preventive war the
central tenet of its foreign policy. In addition,
it badly misjudged the global reaction to its
exercise of "benevolent hegemony." And final­
ly, it failed to appreciate the difficulties in­
volved in large-scale social engineering, grossly
underestimating the difficulties involved in estab­
lishing a successful democratic government in
Iraq.
Fukuyama explores the contention by the
Bush administration's critics that it had a neo-
conservative agenda that dictated its foreign
policy during the president's first term. Provid­
ing a fascinating history of the varied strands
of neoconservative thought since the 1930s,
Fukuyama argues that the movement's legacy
is a complex one that can be interpreted quite
differently than it was after the end of the Cold
War. Analyzing the Bush administration's mis­
calculations in responding to the post-Septem­
ber 1 1 challenge, Fukuyama proposes a new
approach to American foreign policy through
which such mistakes might be turned around-
one in which the positive aspects of the neo-
conservative legacy are joined with a more
realistic view of the way American power can
be used around the world.
Francis Fukuyama is Bernard L. Schwartz
Professor of International Political Economy
and director of the International Development
Program at the School of Advanced Interna­
tional Studies, Johns Hopkins University. He
has written widely on political and economic
development, and his previous books include
The End of History and the Last Man,
a best
seller and the winner of the
Los Angeles Times
Book Prize.
CASTLE LECTURE SERIES
Printed in the U.S.A.
"Francis Fukuyama here gives the most lucid and
knowledgeable account of the neoconservative vision of
America's place and role in world affairs, and where it
has overreached disastrously. He argues effectively for an
American foreign policy more aware of the limits of American
power, less dependent on the military, and more respectful
of the interests and opinions of other countries and emerging
international norms and institutions."
NATHAN GLAZER
Harvard University
YALE UNIVER
Ç
I
TV PI
New Haven and London
ISBN 0-300-1 1 399-4
5 2 500
The Castle Lectures in Ethics, Politics, and Economics
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